New Haven is the second-largest city in Connecticut and boasts a beautiful shoreline along the Long Island Sound. Founded in 1638, New Haven created what is now known as the “Nine Square Plan” recognized as a National Planning Landmark. Additionally, New Haven is home to Yale University and founded the first public tree planting program in America giving the city the nickname “The Elm City.” The large, deep New Haven Harbor and the pronounced reddish basalt trap rock ridges, respectfully known as East Rock and West Rock, are the best-known geographical features in the city.
The Metro-North Railroad commuter rail provides transportation for New Haven residents to New York City in just under two hours. Additionally, Northeast Regional Rail provides New Haven with high-speed access to New York, Washington DC, and Boston. These routes are ranked the first and second busiest rail routes in the county. An intercity commuter rail is being developed to provide commuters with high-speed rail transportation to Hartford and Springfield by 2016. The New Haven Division of the Connecticut Transit bus system is the second largest division in the state of Connecticut.