Charlottesville, located in central Virginia, has a population of 47,000 and has been rated as the No. 1-ranked place in the United States to live. It is easily walkable, has a great cost of living, is family friendly, and has a temperate climate. It sits on the Rivanna River, and the Smoky Mountains are just 20 miles to the west. It played important roles in both the Revolutionary War and Civil War, yet its architecture was unaffected by either one.